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"Unchanging Witness" by Fortson and Grams. A Review.
Witness: The Consistent Christian Teaching on Homosexuality in Scripture and
Fortson III and Rollin G. Grams
One LifeWay Plaza
Nashville, TN. 37234
February 2016; $34.99
Rev. Dr. Michael Philliber. A slightly different version of this article first appeared in the Mar/Apr 2017 issue of Touchstone: A Journal of Mere Christianity.
5 Stars out
Based on reports from news broadcasts,
tabloids, cultured journals, enlightened bureaucrats, sitcoms, singers and
social media, it looks as if it’s an open and shut, clear cut case of social
justice. It’s only the coarse troglodytes, communal cave-dwellers, and clichéd sticklers
who linger around the sides and shadows of our brave new world, and make peevish
and prejudiced protests. But fear not, we’re assured, for the moral high-ground
has been claimed by throngs of the liberated and learned. Why, even the astute
and approachable churches in the U.S.A. have “seen the light” and joined the prize-winning
powers. So the tale is told. But S. Donald Fortson III, Professor of Church
History and Practical Theology and Director of the Doctor of Ministry Program
at Reformed Theological Seminary, along with Rollin G. Grams, Associate
Professor of New Testament and the Director of the Robert C. Cooley Center for
the Study of Early Christianity at Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary in
Charlotte, North Carolina, have nailed their strongly stated and robustly reasoned
theses on the church’s door in their new 448 page paperback, “Unchanging
Witness: The Consistent Christian Teaching on Homosexuality in Scripture and
“Unchanging Witness” divides into twin
sections taking on, first, the church’s ageless and historical position on
homosexuality; and second, the scriptural attestations. The intended aim of the
book is the authors’ call to the church to return to reality; “We issue that
call by saying what God has said in
his Word and by presenting what the
church has affirmed throughout its history” (1-2).
In the first part of the volume, Fortson
gives historical background to the present condition of the Christian Church on
this matter. He then walks the reader through heavily quoted source documents
from the Patristic era, the Middle Ages, into the Renaissance and Reformation,
while examining the erroneous allegations made by John Boswell and others. Finally,
the author extensively surveys the various official and stated proclamations
from Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox sources, along with Evangelicals, and
then Mainline denominations. Each chapter robustly draws from original
documents cited in full context so that one walks away presented with a solid historical
case. By the end of the first part, it is clearly obvious that Christianity has
sturdily stood firm on the immorality of homosexuality in all of its varied
manifestations. By the end of this portion of the book I was profoundly encouraged.
The second part of “Unchanging
Witness” turns to the Bible, where Grams addresses and lays bare the claims of
Luke Timothy Johnson, Walter Wink, Jack Rogers and a host of others. The author
overwhelmingly shows that the Bible, from the Hebrew Scriptures through the New
Testament, held an unflinchingly consistent sexual ethic of which homosexuality
was one violation. Also, the Scripture’s moral position on this subject daringly
stood in antithesis to the surrounding mores. This leads Grams to helpfully point
out that though the totality of Scripture may only specifically mention
homosexuality a handful of times, nevertheless, once the Christian recognizes
and “understands that there is a biblical sexual ethic—sex is for a man and a
woman in marriage—then one grasps that all general statements forbidding sexual
sin cover every act between two people other than that which is allowed” (199).
The good news is that since homosexuality, in its sundry and assorted expressions,
is sin in God’s eyes, there is hope, and the hope is found in God’s antidote.
In his eternal Son becoming fully human like us in every possible way, with the
exception of sin; who humbled himself and was obedient to the Father, died for
the sins of his people, was raised from the dead on the third day, ascended to
the Father’s right hand, and has poured out on his people the heart-transforming,
lifestyle-changing Holy Spirit! The remedy to this and any sin is found in
Jesus Christ as we rely on him and submit to him.
In the end, “Unchanging Witness” is
an engulfing book that leaves daring and diligent readers with important
decisions. This is a book meant to help faithful Christians to stand
face-forward in the raging storm. It is also meant to give those who have been
uncertain a robust and resilient confidence. Finally, it confronts those Christians
who are hardened in their pro-homosexual position; “the challenge of the
pro-homosexual advocates in parts of Western Christianity extends beyond their
view of homosexuality. These advocates not only challenge the orthodox teaching
of the church through the centuries; they also challenge scriptural authority,
the Bible’s teaching on human sinfulness, the work of Christ on the cross, and
the transformative power at work in believers’ lives through Christ and the
Holy Spirit. In a word, these advocates challenge the essence of the gospel”
(376). This book is a must for every Christian pastor, seminary professor,
theologian, academic library, and follower of Jesus.
Thanks to B&H Publishing Group for providing, upon my
request, the free copy of “Unchanging Witness” used for this review. The
assessments are mine given without restrictions or requirements (as per Federal
Trade Commission’s 16 CFR, Part 255).
have my permission to repost and reprint this review. Simply give credit where
credit is due. Mike)
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